Большая интенсивность излучения

Большая интенсивность излучения должна позволить медикам исследовать мельчайшие области и одновременно уменьшить степень риска для пациента.

Чтобы правильно оценить тот вклад, который внесли в экономику ускорители, следует учесть побочные эффекты от побочных эффектов. Усовершенствование ускорителей привело к прогрессу в технике получения сверхвысокого вакуума и радиосигналов большой мощности, в лучевой оптике высокой точности, в методах электронного контроля и в понимании свойств материалов, подвергающихся бомбардировке частицами с большой энергией. Чистый доход от промышленной деятельности, активизированной этими «побочными» результатами, оценивается во многие миллиарды долларов в год.

Большая часть фундаментальных экспериментальных исследований в

физике связана с регистрацией объектов, рождающихся при столкновениях элементарных частиц. Такие детекторы, как счетчики Гейгера, ионные камеры и сцинтилляшюнные счетчики, соединенные с фотоумножителями, стали привычным элементом на тех предприятиях, где используются ускорители. Производство детекторов гамма-лучей, сделанных из кристаллов йодида натрия, активированного таллием, уже стало частью коммерческой деятельности: сбыт этой продукции в денежном выражении достигает 50 млн. долл. в год.

Цифровые схемы, придуманные вначале для регистрации траекторий частиц, сыграли важную роль на ранней стадии создания компьютеров. Невообразимое количество данных, поступающих с ускорителей нынешнего поколения, продолжает стимулировать развитие новых методов обработки данных и новых принципов архитектуры новых компьютеров.

 

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