Как помочь глухим

Развитие технологии микропроцессоров и миниатюрных электронных устройств сделало возможным создание еще одного искусственного органа — улитки, главного элемента механизма слуха. Ожидается, что в ближайшее время Управление по контролю качества пищевых продуктов, медикаментов и косметических средств (FDA) одобрит разработанное фирмой ЗМ одноканальное устройство и разрешит его широкое применение. Более совершенные четырех- и восьмиканальная модели, предложенные другими фирмами- изготовителями, испытываются сейчас в Медицинском центре Станфордского университета и в Калифорнийском университете в Сан-Франциско. Клинические испытания в различных медицинских учреждениях проходят в обшей сложности шесть таких изделий.

Искусственная улитка могла бы принести неоценимую пользу примерно 300 тыс. американцев, страдающих «нервной» глухотой, т.е. тем видом глухоты, когда нарушается функция слуховых рецепторов — волосковых клеток, которые находятся внутри улитки. В здоровом ухе эти клетки преобразуют звуковые колебания в электрические импульсы, которые передаются по слуховому нерву в мозг.

Основная часть одноканального прибора фирмы ЗМ — крошечный микрофон, который помещают вплотную к уху. Электрический сигнал от микрофона обрабатывается процессором и поступает в передающий блок, который укрепляют за ушной раковиной. Сигнал, формирующийся в этом блоке, передается на приемное устройство, которое вживлено под кожу. От приемной схемы этого устройства отходят два электрода. Один из них — нулевой («земля»), а второй подводится к улитке через отверстие, называемое круглым окошком.

Когда звук воздействует на микрофон, между нулевым проводом и электродом, присоединенным к улитке, появляется ток. Он и стимулирует слуховой нерв. Люди, страдающие «нервной» глухотой, могут с помощью описанного устройства слышать такие звуки, как сигнал автомобиля или шум захлопывающейся двери, а кроме того, улавливать ритм речи и изменения громкости звука. Приспособление ЗМ не рассчитано на восприятие речи. Возможно, это станет доступным благодаря усовершенствованным многоканальным приборам такого типа.

 

71 Comments

  1. 996347 19338Why didnt I consider this? I hear exactly what youre saying and Im so pleased that I came across your weblog. You actually know what youre talking about, and you created me feel like I need to learn a lot more about this. Thanks for this; Im officially a huge fan of your weblog 700722

  2. 74322 256463Someone necessarily assist to make critically articles I

  3. Excellent site. Lots of useful information here. I am
    sending it to some buddies ans also sharing
    in delicious. And certainly, thanks for your effort!

  4. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I
    thought this post was good. I don’t know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you are not
    already ;) Cheers!

  5. Simply want to say your article is as astounding.
    The clarity in your post is simply nice and i can assume
    you are an expert on this subject. Well with
    your permission let me to grab your RSS feed to keep up to
    date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the
    enjoyable work.

  6. My spouse and I stumbled over here from a different page and thought
    I should check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you.
    Look forward to checking out your web page for a
    second time.

  7. Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much.
    I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

  8. Whoa! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a totally different topic
    but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Superb choice of colors!

  9. What’s up to all, how is everything, I think every one is getting more from this website, and
    your views are pleasant designed for new visitors.

  10. I visited many blogs however the audio feature for
    audio songs current at this website is genuinely wonderful.

  11. I truly love your site.. Great colors & theme.
    Did you develop this website yourself? Please reply back as I’m
    planning to create my very own site and want to learn where you got this
    from or what the theme is named. Kudos!

  12. I do consider all of the ideas you have introduced on your post.
    They’re really convincing and can certainly work. Still, the posts are too brief for beginners.

    May just you please prolong them a bit from subsequent time?
    Thanks for the post.

  13. Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the images on this blog loading?

    I’m trying to figure out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog.
    Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

  14. Thanks for the auspicious writeup. It in reality used to be a enjoyment account it.
    Look complicated to more delivered agreeable from
    you! By the way, how can we be in contact?

  15. I’m really inspired together with your writing talents as well as with the structure in your blog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself?
    Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is uncommon to
    peer a nice blog like this one these days..

  16. Thanks for the marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading it,
    you could be a great author. I will ensure that I bookmark your blog and may come
    back at some point. I want to encourage you continue your great job, have a nice holiday
    weekend!

  17. you’re in point of fact a just right webmaster.

    The web site loading pace is amazing. It sort of feels
    that you are doing any distinctive trick. In addition, The contents are masterwork.
    you have done a fantastic job on this topic!

  18. Thank you, I have just been searching for information about this
    topic for a long time and yours is the greatest I’ve came upon so far.

    However, what about the bottom line? Are you sure concerning
    the source?

  19. I am regular visitor, how are you everybody? This paragraph posted at this website is in fact fastidious.

  20. I just like the helpful info you supply for your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your blog and take a look at again right here regularly.
    I’m rather certain I’ll be informed many new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the following!

  21. I am not sure where you are getting your information, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning much more
    or understanding more. Thanks for excellent info I was looking for this information for my mission.

  22. Hello my loved one! I wish to say that this article is amazing, nice written and
    include approximately all important infos.
    I would like to look more posts like this .

  23. Hello my family member! I wish to say that this post is awesome, nice written and come with approximately all important infos.
    I would like to see more posts like this .

  24. At this time I am going away to do my breakfast, after having my breakfast coming
    over again to read other news.

  25. I need to to thank you for this excellent read!!
    I certainly enjoyed every bit of it. I’ve got you book-marked to check out new things you post…

  26. Lara:

    You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this
    matter to be actually something that I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me.
    I’m looking forward for your next post, I’ll try
    to get the hang of it!

  27. Today, I went to the beach front with my
    children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She put the shell to her ear and screamed.
    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is completely off topic but I had
    to tell someone!

  28. These are actually enormous ideas in on the topic of blogging.
    You have touched some good things here. Any way keep
    up wrinting.

  29. Pretty great post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I have truly loved browsing your blog posts.
    In any case I will be subscribing on your rss feed and I am hoping you write again soon!

  30. I am genuinely grateful to the holder of this site who has shared this great piece
    of writing at here.

  31. My spouse and I stumbled over here by a different web page
    and thought I might check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
    Look forward to checking out your web page repeatedly.

  32. Quality articles or reviews is the key to invite the users to pay a quick visit the website,
    that’s what this website is providing.

  33. Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular article!
    It is the little changes that produce the most significant
    changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!

  34. Have you ever thought about including a little bit
    more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything.

    However think of if you added some great pictures or videos to give your posts more, «pop»!
    Your content is excellent but with pics and video clips, this website
    could undeniably be one of the most beneficial in its niche.
    Great blog!

  35. Greetings from Florida! I’m bored to death at work so I decided
    to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break.
    I enjoy the knowledge you provide here and can’t wait to take
    a look when I get home. I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, great blog!

  36. It’s actually a nice and useful piece of information. I am satisfied that you
    shared this useful information with us. Please keep
    us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  37. For most recent news you have to visit internet and
    on web I found this website as a most excellent website for
    hottest updates.

  38. Hello, Neat post. There’s a problem with your web site
    in internet explorer, would check this? IE still is the
    market chief and a big component of other folks will leave
    out your excellent writing because of this problem.

  39. At this time I am going to do my breakfast, once having my breakfast coming yet again to read further
    news.

  40. It’s actually a great and useful piece of info.
    I am happy that you simply shared this useful information with us.
    Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  41. Hi my family member! I wish to say that this
    post is amazing, great written and include approximately
    all significant infos. I would like to look extra posts like this .

  42. I just want to tell you that I am all new to blogs and certainly savored your website. Most likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You surely come with really good articles and reviews. Appreciate it for sharing with us your website page.

  43. I really like what you guys are usually up too. This kind of clever work and
    coverage! Keep up the amazing works guys I’ve added you guys
    to blogroll.

  44. Very good article. I certainly appreciate this website.
    Keep it up!

  45. Hey there! I realize this is kind of off-topic however I needed to ask.
    Does running a well-established blog such as yours take a lot
    of work? I’m brand new to writing a blog but I do write in my diary
    daily. I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share my experience and views
    online. Please let me know if you have any kind of ideas or tips
    for brand new aspiring bloggers. Thankyou!

  46. I think this is among the most significant information for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But wanna remark on some general things, The website style is perfect, the articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers

  47. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this
    blog and I am impressed! Very helpful info specially the
    last part :) I care for such information a lot.

    I was looking for this particular information for a very long
    time. Thank you and good luck.

  48. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Many thanks, However I
    am going through problems with your RSS. I don’t understand why I am unable
    to join it. Is there anyone else having identical RSS issues?
    Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

  49. There’s certainly a great deal to find out about this issue.
    I like all of the points you made.

  50. Very soon this site will be famous among all blogging people, due to it’s fastidious articles

  51. Fantastic blog! Do you have any tips for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own site soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you recommend starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out
    there that I’m completely overwhelmed ..

    Any suggestions? Kudos!

  52. Hello there, at any outset I would really prefer to with thanks for your time put within BLOGURL writing your content. He improved me exceptionally and certain things grew to become clear with me. Particularly those people contained we are going to -> BLOGURL. For confident will put a url on the Facebook — link will likely give the particular name: BlogTitleto help my friends with it interested. And I have many friends who will be fascinated through computers and also everything linked to them. All the best NAME.

  53. Hi my friend! I wish to say that this post is amazing, great written and include almost all significant infos.
    I’d like to see extra posts like this .

  54. obviously like your web site but you have to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling problems and I in finding it very troublesome to inform the truth then again I will surely come again again.

  55. Undeniably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  56. Hello my family member! I want to say that this article is awesome, great written and come with approximately all significant infos. I’d like to peer extra posts like this.

  57. Hey there! I understand this is kind of off-topic but I needed
    to ask. Does managing a well-established blog like yours require a
    large amount of work? I’m completely new to writing a blog but I
    do write in my journal everyday. I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share my personal experience and thoughts online.
    Please let me know if you have any kind of ideas or tips for new
    aspiring bloggers. Thankyou!

  58. Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wished to
    say that I have really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts.

    In any case I will be subscribing on your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!

  59. I intended to draft you that very little word in order to say thank you as before about the awesome ideas you have shown in this article. It is simply seriously open-handed of people like you to allow extensively all that a number of people would have marketed for an electronic book to generate some cash on their own, most notably considering that you could possibly have tried it in the event you considered necessary. Those advice additionally worked to become a great way to understand that other people online have the same eagerness the same as my personal own to know the truth more and more with reference to this matter. Certainly there are some more pleasurable periods in the future for individuals that discover your site.

  60. Very interesting info !Perfect just what I was searching for! «You have to be deviant if you’re going to do anything new.» by David Lee.

  61. I do believe all the ideas you have introduced to your post. They’re really convincing and will definitely work. Still, the posts are very quick for starters. May you please lengthen them a bit from next time? Thank you for the post.

  62. I was reading some of your articles on this website and I conceive this site is real informative! Keep on posting.

  63. Hi my family member! I wish to say that this post is awesome, great written and come with approximately all vital infos. I would like to look more posts like this.

  64. Thanks for your own labor on this web site. Betty loves carrying out investigations and it is obvious why. We all know all of the compelling way you make vital techniques through the website and in addition strongly encourage response from the others on that issue and our princess has been being taught so much. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You’re the one performing a remarkable job.

  65. Websites are extensions these days for both broadcast networks and for local online. The primarybroadcast product by local affiliates these days is their news channel. So, you should have the ability to to tell about what’s going lets start on this associated with the news product look at the station’s website page.Do they repeatedly try and switch the conversation in order to you if you ask questions about them? Do you only for you to provide you with their cellular number and not their home telephone number (which could suggest they’re either married or already involved within a relationship)?If talk to your an annual Gold membership you shell out monthly or quarterly. On a monthly membership you makes sense $7.99 30 days which almost twice even though the annual fee. A quarterly (every 3 months) membership is $19.99, less costly than the monthly but more expensive as opposed to the annual service fee.Newbie The new Normal takes the stage on March 6th at 7 l’ordre de.m. Ryan Murphy, who co-created the show and was honored at an extraordinary February 27th Paley event, will be on-hand, as will co-creator and EP Ali Adler, EP Dante Di Loreto, and series stars Andrew Rannells, Justin Bartha, Ellen Barkin, Georgia King, Bebe Wood, NeNe Leakes, and Jayson Blase. Livestream will start at 7:30 p.m., and also the panel tend to be moderated by series guest star John Stamos.But I must tell you about an impression in online dating that you might have not put much thought into. Maybe you have thought of dating women from another country? Now i am not posting on a long-distance relationship with this particular really not talking a couple of mail order bride. Instead what What i’m saying is is having the ability to meet one that has very similar interests to you and that can make a great partner anyone for future. She doesn’t have to measure down the street.However, you will discover factors that you might want to make note of before you startusing webcam chat. It is recommended to take into account that not all live video calling services are equal in quality – it’s essential to know excellent customer service and what to avoid.Their international male clientele enjoys best and more widely used ways of communicating with Ladies among the CIS, namely email correspondence and live free sex. More than 600,000 letters are sent by our clients a day.How about Andrew? Would Andrew emerge as one to having shot Paul? He told Lynette that he was ready to do whatever it latched onto protect his mother from living nearly a lot of ex-convicts. Lynette reminded Andrew he any pretty rotten guy when he was in your teens. Was which a signal that Andrew could have taken one of his mom’s guns and shot Paul that night after the riot?You’ll have the ability to ask for your buddies arrive and sign up for you in the technique marketplace. You’re able to have a close cam chat or share your views or just have some recreational. There’s grownup free chat rooms and Grownup Webcams rooms also. Once you open up among the chat rooms, you are able to meet somebody within the additional conclusion patiently waiting to be great friends along with you. You do not wish to be reluctant you just information will likely to be leaked away. You can actually simply sign-up by applying by an username and password.St Ives’ status regarding individual quite gorgeous seaside towns is effectively deserved and for anyone who is dating a meals lover you’re fortunate St Ives’ proximity to the shoreline tends to make astounding fish and chips. Porthminster Beach Cafe is very recommended to your portion wrapped in paper, on the other hand you fancy something a additional upmarket The Carbis Bay Hotel provides gourmet dining with seafront elevations.

  66. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an incredibly long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted to say superb blog!

  67. I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my problem. You’re amazing! Thanks!

  68. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before
    but after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me.

    Nonetheless, I’m definitely delighted I found
    it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back often!

  69. whoah this blog is wonderful i like studying your posts. Stay up the great paintings! You recognize, lots of people are looking round for this information, you can help them greatly.

  70. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.

    I’ve joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your
    great post. Also, I’ve shared your website in my social networks!

Оставить коментарий