Рассмотрение проекта

Непрозрачность атмосферы не единственная проблема в инфракрасной астрономии. При обычных земных температурах вещество испускает сильное ИК-излучение; например, труба и оптические элементы телескопа при комнатной температуре ярко светятся в ИК-лучах — намного ярче, чем интересующие нас сигналы. В космическом безвоздушном вакууме можно решить эту проблему, охлаждая телескоп жидким гелием. С этой целью ИРАС был снабжен самой большой криогенной системой из когда-либо выводившихся на орбиту Земли. Необходимость сохранения запаса гелия в основном определила и конструкцию телескопа, и программу наблюдений, а испарение хладагента привело к прекращению эксперимента.

Рассмотрение проекта началось в 1974 г. Поскольку и НАСА, и НИВР предусматривали в своих планах такие исследования, было решено объединить обе программы, затем к этой работе присоединился СЕРК. Телескоп, приемники для основного обзора и криогенная система были изготовлены НАСА в США. Остальные части космического аппарата, включая солнечные батареи для электропитания, бортовые компьютеры, системы управления и наведения телескопа, были созданы НИВР в Нидерландах. В

Англии пол руководством СЕРК был построен наземный пункт для управления спутником и приема информации в Эпплтонской лаборатории им. Резерфорда в Чилтоне. Техническое руководство в США осуществляла Лаборатория реактивного движения Калифорнийского технологического института, где производится окончательный анализ полученной информации.



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