Соленое дыхание Энцелада

Линда Спилкер, заместитель главного ученого проекта Кассини –
Недавно Кассини обнаружил, что у этой крошечной луны Сатурна есть гейзеры, извергающие из нее воду.
[00:00:13]
Эти частицы выбрасываются в космос и формируют кольцо Е, и во время пролета Кассини через это кольцо, один из его приборов,
[00:00:20]
Анализатор космической пыли, смог поймать эти частицы и определить их состав, и, одной из составляющих оказалась соль.
[00:00:28]
Text: SALT NaCl
[00:00:34]
Саша Кемпф, ученый проекта Кассини:
Это – соль – то, что мы нашли в ледяных частицах кольца Е.
[00:00:39]
И мы думаем, что соль появилась из океана , находящегося под поверхностью луны Энцелад.
[00:00:46]
Сода – это индикатор океана, находящегося под поверхностью.
[00:00:50]
Этот материал, из которого состоят ледяные частицы – разновидность земной воды.
[00:00:57]
Линда Спилкер:
И то, о чем этот соленый океан рассказал нам – что внутри Энцелада происходит что-то, что создает эти струи и гейзеры,
[00:01:04]
Что вам нужна вода, жидкая вода в контакте со скальным ядром, чтобы получить соду.
[00:01:10]
Вы можете думать, что факелы – нечто вроде дыхания Энцелада, которое выходит и говорит нам о том, что у него внутри.
[00:01:22]
Саша Кемпф:
И то, что мы можем сказать – у нас есть водоем с жидкой водой и все условия для зарождения жизни.
[00:01:32]
Места, где, как считается, существуют слои с жидкой водой Европа, Ганимед, Каллисто, Титан, Энцелад, Земля
[00:01:46]
Линда Спилкер: Я была удивлена и очень взволнована обнаружить, что вы знаете мы все ближе и ближе к заключение, что у нас здесь жидкая вода,
[00:01:53]
Возможно, жидкий океан на луне, которая настолько мала и находится в месте, где мы никак не ожидали найти условия, где могла бы существовать жизнь.
[00:02:01]
Эта крошечная луна всего 300 миль в поперечнике, здесь может существовать жидкая вода и условия, необходимые для зарождения жизни.
[00:02:16]
Аппарат Кассини в рамках своей миссии Равноденствие продолжит все более близкие пролеты около Энцелада, возможно, пролететь через этот факел,
[00:02:26]
Пролететь близко к этой крошечной луне, чтобы узнать больше о процессах, происходящих внутри нее.
[00:02:33]
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology

[00:02:35]

 

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