Соленое дыхание Энцелада

Линда Спилкер, заместитель главного ученого проекта Кассини –
Недавно Кассини обнаружил, что у этой крошечной луны Сатурна есть гейзеры, извергающие из нее воду.
Эти частицы выбрасываются в космос и формируют кольцо Е, и во время пролета Кассини через это кольцо, один из его приборов,
Анализатор космической пыли, смог поймать эти частицы и определить их состав, и, одной из составляющих оказалась соль.
Text: SALT NaCl
Саша Кемпф, ученый проекта Кассини:
Это – соль – то, что мы нашли в ледяных частицах кольца Е.
И мы думаем, что соль появилась из океана , находящегося под поверхностью луны Энцелад.
Сода – это индикатор океана, находящегося под поверхностью.
Этот материал, из которого состоят ледяные частицы – разновидность земной воды.
Линда Спилкер:
И то, о чем этот соленый океан рассказал нам – что внутри Энцелада происходит что-то, что создает эти струи и гейзеры,
Что вам нужна вода, жидкая вода в контакте со скальным ядром, чтобы получить соду.
Вы можете думать, что факелы – нечто вроде дыхания Энцелада, которое выходит и говорит нам о том, что у него внутри.
Саша Кемпф:
И то, что мы можем сказать – у нас есть водоем с жидкой водой и все условия для зарождения жизни.
Места, где, как считается, существуют слои с жидкой водой Европа, Ганимед, Каллисто, Титан, Энцелад, Земля
Линда Спилкер: Я была удивлена и очень взволнована обнаружить, что вы знаете мы все ближе и ближе к заключение, что у нас здесь жидкая вода,
Возможно, жидкий океан на луне, которая настолько мала и находится в месте, где мы никак не ожидали найти условия, где могла бы существовать жизнь.
Эта крошечная луна всего 300 миль в поперечнике, здесь может существовать жидкая вода и условия, необходимые для зарождения жизни.
Аппарат Кассини в рамках своей миссии Равноденствие продолжит все более близкие пролеты около Энцелада, возможно, пролететь через этот факел,
Пролететь близко к этой крошечной луне, чтобы узнать больше о процессах, происходящих внутри нее.
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology




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