Другой разрез научно-технического прогресса

Другой разрез научно-технического прогресса — это развитие его субъективных элементов — уровня образования населения и подготовки кадров и, что здесь самое главное, развитие научного познания, его восхождение от относительно простых ко все более сложным формам движения материи. Он позволяет выявить этапы научно-технического прогресса исходя из основных сдвигов в раскрытии законов естественного и общественного развития. К этому разрезу научно-технического прогресса непосредственно примыкает организация самой науки, ее становление как особой сферы общественного труда, значение которой непрерывно возрастает.

Имея в виду и экономический, и технический (точнее, производственно-технический), и научный аспекты периодизации научно-технического прогресса, а также учитывая асинхронность развития этих аспектов, можно выделить следующие его этапы:

первая промышленная революция конца XVIII — начала XIX      вв., знаменующая переход к машинному производству на научной основе. Главной экономической предпосылкой такого перехода была победа капиталистических производственных отношений, а научной — создание новой, практической науки в результате научной революции XVII в.;

вторая промышленная революция конца XIX — начала XX         вв., подготовленная столетним развитием производительных сил на машинной основе, развитием науки на базе техники. Решающими элементами этой революции были изменение энергетической основы производства, переход к стадии автоматизации производства, создание новых отраслей на чисто научной основе, превращение науки в особую отрасль труда. В социальноэкономическом смысле вторая промышленная революция подготовила материальные предпосылки для победы социализма;третья промышленная революция середины XX в., переросшая в научно-техническую революцию, опиралась на революцию в естествознании начала XX в. Она знаменует переход к техническому развитию только на научной основе, охватывает все сферы труда и отрасли производства,— почему и может рассматриваться не только как промышленная, но и научно-техническая революция,— превращает саму науку в индустрию знаний. В процессе развертывания научно-технической революции создается материальнотехническая база развитого социалистического общества.

 

55 Comments

  1. I simply want to mention I am just all new to blogs and definitely loved you’re blog. Likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog . You certainly come with fabulous posts. Bless you for revealing your web page.

  2. I’ve been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this site. Thank you, I will try and check back more often. How frequently you update your web site?

  3. I am not sure where you are getting your information, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  4. Very interesting topic, thanks for putting up.

  5. Hey there, You have done an incredible job. I will certainly digg it and personally recommend to my friends. I’m confident they’ll be benefited from this web site.

  6. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I desire to read even more things about it!

  7. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my blog so i came to “return the favor”.I am attempting to find things to enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  8. I as well as my buddies were actually viewing the great guidelines found on your web page and immediately got a terrible feeling I had not thanked the web blog owner for those strategies. My young boys were for that reason thrilled to read through all of them and have now undoubtedly been using those things. Appreciation for being indeed considerate as well as for figuring out this sort of very good tips millions of individuals are really needing to know about. Our honest regret for not expressing appreciation to earlier.

  9. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is wonderful blog. An excellent read. I will certainly be back.

  10. First, there was so many horror stories involving Russian and Ukranian services. Man meets a Russian girl online – she tells him she loves him – wants him to email his credit cards numbers so she arrive to him – he sends numbers – his credit card accounts are cleaned out – poor fool never hears from her a lot more. Happens all the time.It helps it be a lot harder, if not impossible, for international (as from Nigeria or Russia) or local scam artists to pull a first one in order to by using fake profiles and stolen photographs.With Qik, you in addition be upload your videos for the web and share them via email and Text message. Although Qik has good features, manors have the best video chat experience. Right now, however, Qik is regarded as the best options among Video conferencing Android viral marketing.Ask a Librarian is really a free on the web information service provided by Florida libraries.Your questions are answered in real-time. Live help is available Sunday through Thursday from 10 an important.m. to midnight, and Friday and Saturday, from 10 a suitable.m. to five p.m. If you have a question, may get email the librarians at any time. As the web site is run by every individual state, state holidays are observed and also the site isn’t available with these state trips. During the Christmas holiday, the Florida site runs a shortened shift, from 10 a.m. to p.m. Along with your states site discover when very good closed during the year.Amazon even updated its Kindle Fire HD 7-inch a bit as perfectly. The Kindle Fire HD 2 can have a front-facing camera along with microphone. It costs $139 to 8-gig version and $169 for a 16-gig version, which is really a pretty significant price shed.»Thats where it really started for me personally. And for me, thats special. I cannot forget that moment. Once i went to Trelawny, has been a motorcade. There am much big fun. There was so much awesome for me. And to be 15 at the time, it was made by so much taken this can.» said Bolt.In this of the internet where issues are happening regarding the web, a watch live sex room helps you’re making some great friends. Individuals a platform where many meet girls from in excess of the world and much more about both of them. You can look, hear, talk to them by way of web cell phone. There is also for any download. Obtain get in order to live discussing. The chat user can broadcast streaming video and audio.The sexcam that becomes uploaded online every second is designed enlighten you, on your sex. It has just presented an excellent opportunity of such spouses who desires to have the real life experience of how sweet sex may choose to be. There are super-hot ladies inside their spine tingling body. The ladies are beyond able to provide you with this feeling you’ve got never had. The only thing have to have to do is take a few of one’s precious minutes and catch a peek at what behind the scene. It may just drive you extreme.March 14th brings 2 Broke Girls to activity is at 7 p.m. (livestream at 7:30 p.m.) with Michael Patrick King, Kat Dennings, Beth Behrs, Garrett Morris, Jonathan Kite, Matthew Moy, and Jennifer Coolidge.I’ll wrap this at the top of the pretty new signature that I attach to most of my out-going e-mails. When I publish this as an ezine article, unfortunately the actual hyperlink that I want you to read won’t be live (nor will the additional live website links in this body for this article), and the colors won’t show over.

  11. excellent issues altogether, you simply won a new reader. What could you recommend about your publish that you made some days in the past? Any positive?

  12. You are my intake , I own few blogs and sometimes run out from to post .I conceive this website contains some very great information for everyone. «Dealing with network executives is like being nibbled to death by ducks.» by Eric Sevareid.

  13. I’ve recently started a site, the information you provide on this site has helped me greatly. Thanks for all of your time & work.

  14. Terrific work! This is the type of information that should be shared around the net. Disgrace on the search engines for not positioning this publish higher! Come on over and seek advice from my web site . Thanks =)

  15. It¡¦s in point of fact a great and useful piece of info. I am satisfied that you shared this useful info with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  16. It’s really a nice and helpful piece of info. I am satisfied that you shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  17. Excellent website. Plenty of helpful info here. I’m sending it to several friends ans also sharing in delicious. And obviously, thanks for your sweat!

  18. Great blog here! Also your website loads up very fast! What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  19. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is excellent blog. An excellent read. I will definitely be back.

  20. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks and Digital Signage, and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks and Digital Signage. MetroClick, 121 Varick St, #301, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  21. Nice blog here! Also your web site loads up fast! What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  22. Very interesting subject, thanks for putting up.

  23. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.

  24. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street,3rd Floor,New York, NY 10013,+1 646 205 3214

  25. Nice blog right here! Additionally your site lots up fast! What web host are you the usage of? Can I am getting your affiliate link for your host? I desire my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  26. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.

  27. You have noted very interesting points! ps nice web site.

  28. I merely want to inform you that I am new to wordpress blogging and clearly loved your site. Very likely I am most likely to store your blog post . You seriously have great article content. Appreciate it for giving out with us your main blog webpage

  29. Hello, Neat post. There’s a problem along with your site in internet explorer, may test this… IE still is the marketplace leader and a large component to people will omit your wonderful writing due to this problem.

  30. Hi folks there, just started to be familiar with your article through yahoo, and discovered that it’s quite good. I’ll appreciate in the event you maintain this post.

  31. Utterly indited subject matter, thank you for entropy. «Necessity is the mother of taking chances.» by Mark Twain.

  32. I simply couldn’t go away your website before suggesting that I actually enjoyed the usual information a person provide to your visitors? Is gonna be back frequently to investigate cross-check new posts.

  33. I’m pretty pleased to find this great site. I want to to thank you for ones time due to this fantastic read!! I definitely savored every part of it and i also have you bookmarked to see new information in your website.

  34. Hi there, I discovered your blog by means of Google even as searching for a similar subject, your website came up, it seems good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  35. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks and Digital Signage, and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks and Digital Signage. MetroClick, 121 Varick St, #301, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  36. I am so happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this best doc.

  37. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street,3rd Floor,New York, NY 10013,+1 646 205 3214

  38. I was studying some of your articles on this internet site and I conceive this site is very informative! Continue posting.

  39. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! However, how could we communicate?

  40. Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your web site is very cool. I’m impressed by the details that you’ve on this blog. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched everywhere and simply couldn’t come across. What a perfect web site.

  41. Hello there, You’ve done a great job. I will definitely digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I am confident they’ll be benefited from this site.

  42. You have brought up a very good points , thankyou for the post.

  43. Good site! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I might be notified when a new post has been made. I’ve subscribed to your RSS which must do the trick! Have a great day!

  44. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street,3rd Floor,New York, NY 10013,+1 646 205 3214

  45. Emeryeps is a SEO(Search Engine optimzation) and Internet Marketing company. They help businesses to get traffic from various search engine and online community. They have seo experts and consultants with many years of SEO Experiences. No matter where your business is located, EmeryEPS.com can help your business to secure your highly convertible leads online.

  46. MichaelJemery.com is a site with many hypnosis downloads. Whether you are looking for free hypnosis downloads, self hypnosis download for mp3, video and any audio files, Michael Jemery has the downloads for you. You can download hypnosis from apps, audio, mp3 and even youtube !

  47. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one nowadays..

  48. It is in reality a great and useful piece of info. I¡¦m happy that you simply shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  49. I simply couldn’t depart your website prior to suggesting that I extremely enjoyed the usual information a person provide on your guests? Is going to be again frequently in order to check out new posts.

  50. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your site provided us with valuable info to work on. You’ve done a formidable job and our entire community will be thankful to you.

  51. Hi, Neat post. There is an issue together with your site in web explorer, may test this… IE still is the market chief and a huge component to other folks will miss your great writing because of this problem.

  52. You have mentioned very interesting details! ps decent internet site.

  53. I have been browsing on-line more than 3 hours lately, but I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s beautiful worth enough for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made just right content material as you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than ever before. «Wherever they burn books, they will also, in the end, burn people.» by Heinrich Heine.

  54. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I do not know who you are but certainly you are going to a famous blogger if you are not already ;) Cheers!

  55. Keep up the wonderful piece of work, I read few articles on this internet site and I conceive that your blog is really interesting and has sets of great information.

Оставить коментарий