Развитие машин

Развитие машин, как это показал К. Маркс, образует основу технического совершенствования всех производительных сил. Их распространение по сферам труда, ведущее к механизации и автоматизации производства, означает массовое замещение живого труда — сначала простого, затем все более сложного и, наконец, многих видов интеллектуального труда. Частью этого процесса становится замена ручного труда в самом машиностроении.

Проникновение машин в новые сферы труда сопровождается качественными изменениями в самих машинах — сначала их рабочей части, затем энергетической основы. Это предопределяет изменения в двигателях, методах производства первичной энергии, в производстве конструкционных материалов. Техническая перестройка отраслей инфраструктуры, особенно средств сообщения, также обусловлена прогрессом машин. Естественно поэтому логику научно-технических сдвигов связывать с развитием машин — их производством и использованием.

Однако свести все эти сдвиги к машинам невозможно, так как, помимо механических и физических методов преобразования исходного вещества в конечный продукт — на чем и основаны машины, существуют и играют все большую роль иные методы — химические, биологические и их сочетания. Технологические процессы и установки используют здесь более «тонкие» природные процессы, связанные с более глубокой перестройкой естественных материалов и энергии. Учет этого факта позволяет избежать абсолютизации роли механизации и автоматизации производства.

 

66 Comments

  1. Top:

    924760 189037Just wanna comment that you have a extremely nice internet website , I adore the design it really stands out. 25112

  2. 222958 84034You produced some decent points there. I looked online for your dilemma and located a lot of people will go together with with the internet site. 694708

  3. I simply want to mention I am just very new to blogging and honestly liked you’re blog site. Most likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog . You amazingly have terrific writings. Thanks for sharing with us your web-site.

  4. You could definitely see your expertise in the work you write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. Always follow your heart.

  5. Hi! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my good old room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this post to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  6. I was curious if you ever considered changing the layout of your site? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or two pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?

  7. Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; many of us have developed some nice methods and we are looking to exchange solutions with other folks, be sure to shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  8. Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your web-site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this website. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched all over the place and simply couldn’t come across. What a perfect website.

  9. I conceive this website has some very good information for everyone :D . «Years wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul.» by Samuel Ullman.

  10. Hiya, I’m really glad I’ve found this info. Nowadays bloggers publish only about gossips and web and this is really frustrating. A good website with exciting content, that is what I need. Thank you for keeping this web site, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can not find it.

  11. Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this blog. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very hard to get that «perfect balance» between user friendliness and appearance. I must say you’ve done a excellent job with this. Also, the blog loads super fast for me on Internet explorer. Superb Blog!

  12. What i do not realize is in truth how you are no longer really much more smartly-liked than you might be now. You’re very intelligent. You understand therefore significantly in the case of this matter, made me individually consider it from so many numerous angles. Its like men and women are not interested until it is something to accomplish with Girl gaga! Your personal stuffs outstanding. Always take care of it up!

  13. I really like your writing style, wonderful info , thankyou for putting up : D.

  14. I’ve learn some good stuff here. Certainly worth bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how so much effort you set to create this kind of wonderful informative website.

  15. Loopylove shows up on all of the lists of favorite web pages as well. The people at Loopylove assume that on-line dating will require being fun and Loopylove enables dwell chat, videos, instant messenger, emails, winks, etc. You can will also get an app for your smartphone. LoopyLove has 8.6 million members in the Uk and expenditures 25.99 lbs a month but you may possibly a a few day trial for a variety of.99 lbs. It is sixty male and 40 female.As on the real world, be prudent about which team you trust with private material. Common sense screams that protecting your privacy your virtual world of the net is substantially important, because you have definitely not of knowing who human being on the additional end is actually.On March 2nd at 7pm, join TVGuide Magazine’s Michael Schneider and the cast and inventive team for getting a night with Revolution, featuring (in person) Eric Kripke, J.J. Abrams, Billy Burke, Tracy Spiridakos, Giancarlo Esposito, David Lyons, Daniella Alonso, and JD Pardo. This livestream experience starts at 7:30 m.m.An Xbox Live Gold 12 month membership subscription gives you many privileges the Silver does not. This includes free access to Netflix’s move and television show library when you are already a member of Netflix. Additionally, you will be place to access multiplayer games, have game parties, access special features available to buy and greater.Amazon even updated its Kindle Fire HD 7-inch a bit as definitely. The Kindle Fire HD 2 will have a front-facing camera and a microphone. It costs $139 a good 8-gig version and $169 for a 16-gig version, which can be a pretty significant price slip.You could know it but Usain said in the G+ Hangout that features workout plans his cricket coach who encouraged him to take! As Usain delightedly retold, he couldn’t afford a box lunch in his younger days and his cricket told him if he won, he would buy him a box lunch. And of course, Usain ran fast and earned! And from that point on, hangover remedy . continued to. What a lovely impact a pleasurable coach and a box lunch can caused by encourage and help a talented athlete!These companies will just have to hire the best watch live sex support to make their clients comfortable with their services. What should seem for from a high quality live chat support for your targeted website? Factors things should be a a part of your chosen live chat system.Her new site is powered on LiveCamNetwork 1.9, confidential details created last year by 2much Internet Products and services. «Now they’ve offered me the role of being their spokesmodel, promoting their software,» she says, less than breathless.For ipod and iphone user who actually likes listening to your radio, the air Remote permits listen to FM airwaves. The Radio Remote is generated by Apple and also the retail charges are $49.Also announced was a newer netbook, the Dell Mini 10 4G. This mini laptop has just a 10″ screen, that make it the perfect size to bring with you wherever you go. And I should know – I once bought your computer without 4G. This one, though, will make it easier to surf extensive for up-to eleven hours on a tight schedule.

  16. I precisely wished to say thanks once again. I am not sure the things I would have created in the absence of the type of points discussed by you over my theme. It became an absolute hard issue in my opinion, but witnessing your skilled technique you processed that made me to jump for contentment. I’m grateful for your advice and thus wish you know what a great job you have been putting in teaching other individuals by way of your website. I am sure you haven’t encountered any of us.

  17. I will right away take hold of your rss as I can not to find your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly permit me realize so that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  18. Wow! This could be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Great. I’m also an expert in this topic so I can understand your effort.

  19. Wow! This could be one particular of the most helpful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Wonderful. I’m also a specialist in this topic therefore I can understand your effort.

  20. Thanks for your whole labor on this web page. Gloria delights in doing internet research and it’s easy to understand why. Many of us notice all relating to the compelling medium you produce both useful and interesting tips and tricks on this blog and even welcome contribution from website visitors about this concept so my simple princess is certainly learning a great deal. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. You’re performing a splendid job.

  21. Hello. magnificent job. I did not expect this. This is a excellent story. Thanks!

  22. I’ve read a few good stuff here. Certainly worth bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how a lot attempt you place to make this sort of great informative website.

  23. I relish, result in I found just what I was looking for. You have ended my four day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  24. I really like your blog.. very nice colors and theme. Did you create this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz respond as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like to know where u got this from. thanks

  25. What i do not realize is in truth how you are not actually a lot more smartly-preferred than you might be right now. You’re very intelligent. You understand thus considerably on the subject of this matter, made me for my part believe it from so many varied angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be fascinated until it is something to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your personal stuffs excellent. Always care for it up!

  26. Thanks for sharing superb informations. Your web site is so cool. I am impressed by the details that you’ve on this website. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched everywhere and just could not come across. What a great site.

  27. Keep up the superb piece of work, I read few posts on this internet site and I conceive that your website is really interesting and contains sets of superb info .

  28. Good write-up, I¡¦m normal visitor of one¡¦s web site, maintain up the nice operate, and It is going to be a regular visitor for a long time.

  29. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street,3rd Floor,New York, NY 10013,+1 646 205 3214

  30. You are a very smart individual!

  31. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks and Digital Signage, and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks and Digital Signage. MetroClick, 121 Varick St, #301, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  32. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, itt seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.

    You clearly know what youre talking about, why throw
    away your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you ciuld bee giving us something informative to read?

    My page :: login to msn (http://www.causalinference.org)

  33. I truly enjoy examining on this website , it has got fantastic content . «He who sees the truth, let him proclaim it, without asking who is for it or who is against it.» by Henry George.

  34. I wish to show some thanks to you for rescuing me from such a crisis. Right after looking out throughout the world wide web and seeing thoughts that were not powerful, I believed my entire life was over. Being alive without the presence of strategies to the problems you’ve resolved all through this write-up is a critical case, as well as those which may have adversely damaged my entire career if I had not discovered your blog post. Your personal skills and kindness in handling everything was invaluable. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t encountered such a stuff like this. I am able to at this point look forward to my future. Thanks very much for the high quality and result oriented help. I won’t think twice to suggest your site to anybody who requires recommendations about this matter.

  35. I just want to advise you that I am new to putting up a blog and totally adored your work. Very possible I am likely to bookmark your blog post . You certainly have wonderful article materials. Delight In it for giving out with us your favorite website write-up

  36. Hello. Great job. I did not anticipate this. This is a splendid story. Thanks!

  37. I get pleasure from, result in I discovered just what I was having a look for. You’ve ended my four day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  38. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street,3rd Floor,New York, NY 10013,+1 646 205 3214

  39. I’ve read a few excellent stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how much effort you place to create one of these excellent informative website.

  40. My brother suggested I might like this website. He was entirely right. This post truly made my day. You can not imagine just how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  41. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  42. I will right away grasp your rss feed as I can not in finding your email subscription link or newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please let me recognise so that I may subscribe. Thanks.

  43. Good morning here, just started to be aware about your web page through Bing, and found that it’s seriously helpful. I’ll be grateful should you decide continue this informative article.

  44. I have recently started a website, the information you provide on this site has helped me greatly. Thank you for all of your time & work. «Money is power, freedom, a cushion, the root of al evil, the sum of all blessings.» by Carl Sandburg.

  45. I think other site proprietors should take this site as an model, very clean and magnificent user genial style and design, let alone the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  46. You actually make it seem really easy together with your presentation but I to find this topic to be really something that I believe I’d never understand. It kind of feels too complicated and extremely wide for me. I am having a look forward in your next publish, I will attempt to get the cling of it!

  47. of course like your web-site however you have to take a look at the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very troublesome to tell the reality nevertheless I will surely come back again.

  48. Merely wanna comment that you have a very decent website , I enjoy the design and style it really stands out.

  49. MichaelJemery.com is a site with many hypnosis downloads. Whether you are looking for free hypnosis downloads, self hypnosis download for mp3, video and any audio files, Michael Jemery has the downloads for you. You can download hypnosis from apps, audio, mp3 and even youtube !

  50. I think this is one of the most vital information for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The site style is ideal, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  51. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street,3rd Floor,New York, NY 10013,+1 646 205 3214

  52. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  53. Dead composed subject matter, thank you for entropy. «The earth was made round so we would not see too far down the road.» by Karen Blixen.

  54. Thank you for helping out, good info. «Whoever obeys the gods, to him they particularly listen.» by Homer.

  55. Emeryeps is a SEO(Search Engine optimzation) and Internet Marketing company. They help businesses to get traffic from various search engine and online community. They have seo experts and consultants with many years of SEO Experiences. No matter where your business is located, EmeryEPS.com can help your business to secure your highly convertible leads online.

  56. I have been surfing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.

  57. I regard something truly special in this internet site.

  58. I’ve read a few excellent stuff here. Definitely price bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how a lot attempt you set to create one of these wonderful informative site.

  59. I think this is among the most significant information for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark on some general things, The website style is ideal, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  60. Merely wanna tell that this is very beneficial , Thanks for taking your time to write this.

  61. Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

  62. Hey Guys! Caution – I am not as sweet as I search. I enjoy having guys covered around my pretty very little finger and enjoy when they cause me to feel feel special, Truly enjoy purpose play with horny older men who will treat me like the appetizing girl that I am. I must hear you cum. Although don’t expect for me for being easy. You will have to find a way to look for my vulnerable spot and once you do I’m all the one you have. I’m open for whatever are you?

  63. I simply couldn’t leave your site prior to suggesting that I actually enjoyed the standard info a person provide for your guests? Is gonna be again ceaselessly to inspect new posts.

  64. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this is fantastic blog. An excellent read. I will certainly be back.

  65. I believe you have mentioned some very interesting details , regards for the post.

  66. I’ll immediately take hold of your rss as I can not find your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service.
    Do you’ve any? Please let me recognise in order
    that I could subscribe. Thanks.

Оставить коментарий