Рост производительности труда

Рост производительности труда, снижая стоимость единицы продукции, ведет к более быстрому росту годового продукта как совокупности потребительных стоимостей по сравнению с годовым валовым продуктом как суммы их стоимостей. В результате образуются две разные величины годового продукта, их две разные динамики и разные источники роста. Объяснение этих различий лежит в анализе особой роли научных знаний в расширении производства.

Известно, что стоимость годового общественного (валового) продукта складывается из стоимости, вновь созданной абстрактным общественно необходимым трудом, и перенесенной стоимости средств производства , причем, как подчеркивал К Маркс, свойством сохранять стоимость прошлого труда обладает только живой труд в его конкретной, полезной форме . Повышение производительности труда увеличивает вновь созданную стоимость в той мере, в какой это повышение является результатом усложнения труда или его интенсификации (уплотнения во времени). Одновременно, поскольку источником повышения производительности труда является его возрастающая вооруженность орудиями и другими средствами труда, что позволяет при одних и тех же затратах живого труда перерабатывать все больше предметов труда, то перенесенная стоимость растет значительно быстрее вновь созданной; в этом же направлении действует сокращение жизненного цикла средств труда в связи с повышением производительности труда.

Таким образом, в данном аспекте воспроизводства величина и динамика валового годового продукта определяются его стоимостью, а источник ее роста — увеличение затрат живого труда с учетом сложности и интенсивности и повышение производительности труда, предполагающее увеличение перенесенной стоимости. Иными словами, единственным источником стоимости годового продукта является труд, живой и прошлый, овеществленный в средствах производства.

Годовой общественный продукт как совокупность потребительных стоимостей является результатом конкретного, полезного труда. Будучи качественно несопоставимыми, разнородные потребительные стоимости и их полезные эффекты непосредственно не могут быть сведены к единой основе. Не случайно попытки прямого соизмерения полезностей не ушли дальше общетеоретических рассуждений.

 

14 Comments

  1. I just want to tell you that I am just all new to blogs and definitely enjoyed your website. Likely I’m want to bookmark your site . You actually have fabulous well written articles. With thanks for revealing your blog site.

  2. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my web site so i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find things to improve my site!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  3. Hello, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam feedback? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can suggest? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any support is very much appreciated.

  4. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an edginess over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again as exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this increase.

  5. Excellent read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing a little research on that. And he just bought me lunch since I found it for him smile Thus let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

  6. Some really prize blog posts on this web site , saved to fav.

  7. Good article and straight to the point. I am not sure if this is really the best place to ask but do you guys have any ideea where to hire some professional writers? Thank you :)

  8. I have to convey my love for your kindness giving support to all those that really need assistance with in this field. Your real commitment to getting the solution throughout turned out to be remarkably useful and has without exception permitted guys and women just like me to attain their desired goals. The interesting guideline implies so much to me and somewhat more to my mates. With thanks; from everyone of us.

  9. Only a smiling visitant here to share the love (:, btw outstanding design and style. «Justice is always violent to the party offending, for every man is innocent in his own eyes.» by Daniel Defoe.

  10. Awesome website you have here but I was curious if you knew of any user discussion forums that cover the same topics discussed here? I’d really love to be a part of online community where I can get advice from other knowledgeable individuals that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Appreciate it!

  11. A good live chat support is a bit more of an essential need than promoting tool. Online businesses all over the world are from this tool and taking indefinite advantages from that whole system. Clients are very important for the firms and their satisfaction is even so, however, keeping clients happy in a small business is very difficult. This is because online business very much different to your retail business. Do you know what? The clients don’t realize this fact, all understand is that want the very best products and services and that is it.When your mind is mobilized by words, it can the physical body produce or hurt. Voodoo and juju have shown how our minds is affected by our physical well-being. You may be under a spell at this moment. Someone said something to harm your feelings, and now you have a headache or flu. It was psychosomatic: the state of the mind affected the healthiness of the frame.The issue about Tango is which it allows it users unique a cross-platform video communicate. That means you get a video chat by using a friend might be iOs even when you’re on Android-very cool indeed! Although Fring has this capability, Tango scores more points when it comes down to video quality and ease beneficial. With Tango, anybody can also make calls over 3G and 4G networks as well.An Xbox Live Gold 12 month membership subscription gives you a great many privileges the Silver doesn’t. This includes free access to Netflix’s move and show on tv library for anyone who is already a member of Netflix. Additionally, you will be place access multiplayer games, have game parties, access special features available to buy and added.For those looking to extend their odds of success a good online video chat, Sweet webcam provides you many methods for communicating online, through text chat, voice, video or even a associated with all few. The first thing you ought to do when seeking dating partners online is to join. You are a click caused from watching and chatting for gratis with your favorite webcam girl.If the Mac user on your holiday list doesn’t have an iPod yet, or wants for a better and better one, it makes sense to pick from the 80GB iPod with video. This version belonging to the iPod can carry up to 100 hours of video, up to 20,000 songs or 25,000 photos. Go for sleek black or cool white. Preference purchase an ipod from Apple you receive personalized laser engraving, appropriate brightness . gift extra-special.The best benefit about these chat rooms is which all are free. Be it adult chat rooms, dating rooms, or teen chat rooms, each is free. Webcam chat is free, simple, and speedy. Simply go into the room an individual might be interested in and start the discussion. There are some chat rooms which discover only enter if are usually 18 years and above. You can apply also an unusual chat room rules that these sites stay with. There are certain free watch live sex rooms your own can embed widgets with your profile a tad too. You can add widgets using websites and share these with friends. There also sites which encourage the registered members to watch and search YouTube videos in chat rooms. You can even share these videos with both friends and figure out their instant reactions.Here is definitely an example of how easily current technology was introduced effectively into a Bible lesson for children. A childrens director and two teachers were discussing a potential 4th and 5th grade class. These kinds had been learning about missions in conjunction with particular, a missionary the church supported in Russia. The class was currently raising money as an outreach project to send to this missionary. The teachers have been completely teaching children about Russian culture because aspects of missionary careers.RussianEuro provides easy in order to pictures of single Russians, making trying to find your individual Russian single quick easy. Thousands of Russian singles are joining RussianEuro obtain their perfect Russian date or to relish a fulfilling relationship.In looking at ratings of the UK’s popular online dating sites, this can be hard inform which among the list of top three, Match, eHarmony and DirectDating comes in as the top dating domain. While Match and eHarmony sometimes mentioned first, DirectDating have the most peoples. So, it looks like fashion join a few online dating services mentioned above and be happy. It depends on your own preferences.

  12. You are my inhalation , I possess few blogs and often run out from to post .I conceive this web site has some really fantastic information for everyone. «Je veux que les paysans mettent la poule au pot tous les dimanches.» by King Henry IV of France.

  13. I think this is among the most significant info for me. And i am glad reading your article. But should remark on some general things, The web site style is perfect, the articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers

  14. Very interesting details you have noted , thanks for posting . «Jive Lady Just hang loose blood. She gonna handa your rebound on the med side.» by Airplane.

Оставить коментарий