Совершенствование средств производства и экономия прошлого труда

Способность средств производства замещать живой труд и эффективность этого замещения зависят от темпов их совершенствования, от тех общественных затрат, которые необходимы для материализации в средствах и предметах труда накопленных научных знаний и производственного опыта.

Во всей совокупности средств производства решающая роль принадлежит орудиям труда, которые являются непосредственным продолжением естественных сил труда, основным материальным носителем научных знаний. Именно овеществление живого труда в орудиях труда умножает и накопляет естественные силы труда, оплодотворенные новым знанием и опытом. Специфическая роль орудий труда и заключенного в них прошлого труда состоит в том, что они замещают живой труд и одновременно определяют эффективность (эластичность) этого замещения. Чем больше научных знаний воплощено в орудиях труда, тем выше их способность замещать живой труд при одновременной экономии прошлого, а значит, тем больше может накапливаться прошлый труд. Это в свою очередь создает возрастающие возможности аккумуляции в орудиях труда научных знаний, т. е. возможности их совершенствования.

В совершенствовании орудий труда смыкаются две формы материализации научных знаний: в живом труде — в рабочей силе и в прошлом труде — в средствах производства. Повышение сложности труда, происходящее в результате накопления знаний и опыта, требует непрерывного технического совершенствования орудий труда. Если бы их технический уровень оставался неизменным, то эластичность замещения живого труда средствами производства непрерывно снижалась, на каждую единицу замещаемого живого труда приходилось все больше затрат прошлого труда. Такая тенденция была бы неизбежна потому, что разные конкретные виды живого труда в зависимости от их сложности требуют для своего замещения (в расчете на единицу) разных при прочих равных условиях затрат прошлого труда. При возрастании сложности каждого вида труда эта тенденция приобретает динамический характер.

 

77 Comments

  1. Link exchange is nothing else however it is only placing the other person’s web site
    link on your page at proper place and other person will also
    do same for you.

  2. I do not know whether it’s just me or if everybody
    else encountering problems with your blog. It appears as though some of the written text within your content are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide
    feedback and let me know if this is happening to them too?
    This could be a problem with my browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Appreciate it

  3. I feel this is one of the such a lot important information for me.
    And i am satisfied studying your article. However
    want to commentary on few basic things, The web site style is great, the articles
    is really nice : D. Excellent process, cheers

  4. Hi, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog in Opera, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.

    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, awesome
    blog!

  5. My coder is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.

    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none the less.
    I’ve been using Movable-type on numerous websites for about
    a year and am nervous about switching to another platform.
    I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts into
    it? Any help would be really appreciated!

  6. Wow, that’s what I was searching for, what a stuff!
    present here at this website, thanks admin of this site.

  7. Fantastic website you have here but I was wondering if you knew of any discussion boards that cover the same topics talked about here?

    I’d really love to be a part of community where I can get comments from other
    experienced people that share the same interest. If you have any suggestions,
    please let me know. Bless you!

  8. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good.

    I don’t know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already
    ;) Cheers!

  9. Today, I went to the beachfront with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She placed the shell to her ear
    and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched
    her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off topic
    but I had to tell someone!

  10. For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no question very soon it will
    be well-known, due to its quality contents.

  11. I’m not sure why but this site is loading extremely slow for me.

    Is anyone else having this problem or is it a issue on my end?

    I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

  12. Hello everyone, it’s my first pay a quick visit at this web site, and piece of writing is
    really fruitful in favor of me, keep up posting these articles.

  13. Article writing is also a excitement, if you be acquainted with afterward you can write or else it is difficult to
    write.

  14. Great post! We will be linking to this great article on our site.

    Keep up the great writing.

  15. I always emailed this web site post page to all my friends, since if like to read it then my contacts will too.

  16. Hey there are using WordPress for your site platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up my own. Do you require any coding knowledge to make your own blog?

    Any help would be really appreciated!

  17. Simply wish to say your article is as astounding.
    The clearness in your post is simply great and i
    can assume you are an expert on this subject. Well with your permission let me to grab your feed
    to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please carry on the enjoyable
    work.

  18. Wonderful blog! Do you have any suggestions for aspiring writers?

    I’m planning to start my own site soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you recommend starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid
    option? There are so many options out there that I’m completely overwhelmed ..
    Any recommendations? Appreciate it!

  19. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared to
    be on the web the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to
    you, I definitely get irked while people think about worries that they
    plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top
    as well as defined out the whole thing without having side effect ,
    people could take a signal. Will likely be back to get more.

    Thanks

  20. I couldn’t refrain from commenting. Very well written!

  21. This is a very good tip especially to those fresh to the blogosphere.
    Short but very precise information… Many thanks for
    sharing this one. A must read article!

  22. Nice replies in return of this matter with genuine arguments and describing the whole thing about that.

  23. My spouse and I stumbled over here different website and thought I might check things
    out. I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to
    checking out your web page yet again.

  24. Hi there, I enjoy reading through your post. I like to
    write a little comment to support you.

  25. I like the helpful information you supply on your articles.
    I will bookmark your blog and take a look at once more right here frequently.
    I am moderately certain I will be told lots of new stuff proper here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  26. Hey there! I’ve been reading your website for some time now and finally got
    the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Houston Texas!

    Just wanted to tell you keep up the excellent work!

  27. Greetings I am so thrilled I found your website, I really found you by accident, while I
    was browsing on Yahoo for something else, Regardless I am
    here now and would just like to say thanks for a incredible post and a all round exciting blog (I
    also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read
    through it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back
    to read much more, Please do keep up the great job.

  28. Hello! Would you mind if I share your blog with my zynga group?
    There’s a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy
    your content. Please let me know. Many thanks

  29. I like what you guys are up too. This type of clever work and reporting!
    Keep up the amazing works guys I’ve added you guys to blogroll.

  30. I blog frequently and I truly appreciate your content.

    Your article has really peaked my interest. I will bookmark your site and keep checking for
    new details about once per week. I subscribed to your RSS feed as well.

  31. Hi there everyone, it’s my first pay a quick visit at this web site, and piece of writing is
    truly fruitful designed for me, keep up posting these articles.

  32. Hello my family member! I want to say that this article is amazing, great
    written and include almost all significant infos. I would like to peer more posts like this .

  33. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of
    any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my
    newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a
    plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would
    have some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  34. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a coworker who was doing a little homework on this.
    And he actually ordered me dinner due to the fact that I found it for him…
    lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanks for spending the time to talk about this subject here on your internet site.

  35. Hmm is anyone else having problems with the images on this
    blog loading? I’m trying to find out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the
    blog. Any feed-back would be greatly appreciated.

  36. Great blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it
    from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few simple
    adjustements would really make my blog jump out.
    Please let me know where you got your theme. Thanks a lot

  37. I’m not positive where you’re getting your information, but great
    topic. I needs to spend some time studying more or figuring out more.
    Thanks for wonderful information I used to be looking for this information for my mission.

  38. I really like what you guys are up too. This sort of clever work and reporting!
    Keep up the good works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll.

  39. Very great post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to mention that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your
    blog posts. After all I will be subscribing for your feed and I’m hoping
    you write once more very soon!

  40. Hey there, You have done a fantastic job. I will certainly digg it
    and personally suggest to my friends. I’m confident they’ll be
    benefited from this web site.

  41. Hi, I do think this is an excellent web site. I stumbledupon it ;)
    I may return yet again since i have bookmarked it. Money and freedom is the
    greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help others.

  42. I believe everything composed made a great deal of sense.
    However, what about this? what if you were to write a awesome headline?
    I am not saying your information isn’t good., but what if you added a headline to maybe grab a person’s attention? I mean Совершенствование средств производства и экономия прошлого труда | Образовательный видео-сайт "Спутник"
    is a little plain. You might look at Yahoo’s front page and watch how
    they create news headlines to get viewers to click. You might add a video or a related picture or two to grab
    people excited about everything’ve written. Just my opinion, it could
    make your posts a little livelier.

  43. Highly descriptive blog, I enjoyed that a lot.
    Will there be a part 2?

  44. It’s truly very difficult in this full of activity life
    to listen news on TV, thus I simply use world wide web for that reason, and get the hottest
    information.

  45. hey there and thank you for your info – I have certainly picked
    up something new from right here. I did however expertise some technical issues using this web site,
    since I experienced to reload the web site many
    times previous to I could get it to load correctly.
    I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and could damage your high quality
    score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Well I
    am adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for much more of your respective intriguing content.
    Ensure that you update this again very soon.

  46. Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too great.
    I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you are stating and
    the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you
    still care for to keep it wise. I can’t wait to read
    far more from you. This is actually a terrific website.

  47. With havin so much written content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or
    copyright infringement? My blog has a lot of exclusive content
    I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it is popping it
    up all over the web without my permission. Do you know any methods to help protect
    against content from being stolen? I’d definitely
    appreciate it.

  48. My programmer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none
    the less. I’ve been using WordPress on a variety of websites for about a
    year and am nervous about switching to another platform.
    I have heard great things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts
    into it? Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

  49. Heya just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading
    correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue.
    I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show
    the same results.

  50. What’s up, just wanted to say, I loved this article.
    It was practical. Keep on posting!

  51. I simply want to mention I am beginner to weblog and definitely enjoyed you’re blog. Probably I’m likely to bookmark your blog post . You actually have outstanding articles. Kudos for revealing your blog.

  52. Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification seemed to be
    on the net the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you,
    I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they
    plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as
    well as defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal.

    Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  53. Hello there, simply turned into aware about BLOGURL thru Search engine, and found that it is really informative. I? m gonna watch away for brussels. I will appreciate once you continue this in long term future. A lot of people will be benefited in the writing. Cheers! NAME

  54. I think other web-site proprietors should take this site as an model, very clean and fantastic user friendly style and design, as well as the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  55. Thanks for sharing your info. I really appreciate your efforts and I will be waiting for your further
    write ups thank you once again.

  56. Hello there, simply turned into receptive to BLOGURL thru Bing, and found that it is informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I will appreciate for those who continue this in long term. A lot of people will be benefited in the writing. Cheers! NAME

  57. Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

  58. Wonderful web site. A lot of helpful information here. I am sending it to a few
    pals ans also sharing in delicious. And certainly, thank you on your
    effort!

  59. If you want to improve your familiarity simply keep visiting this web site and be
    updated with the newest news update posted here.

  60. I’m extremely impressed together with your writing abilities and also with the
    format to your blog. Is that this a paid subject or did you modify it your self?
    Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing,
    it is uncommon to look a nice weblog like this one nowadays..

  61. Hello friends, pleasant paragraph and pleasant urging
    commented at this place, I am actually enjoying by these.

  62. Good day! This post couldn’t be written any better!

    Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate!
    He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this
    write-up to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read.
    Many thanks for sharing!

  63. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I to find this matter to be really something which I believe I might never understand. It kind of feels too complex and very extensive for me. I am looking ahead in your subsequent put up, I will try to get the grasp of it!

  64. Nice weblog here! Additionally your website rather a lot
    up very fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to
    your host? I want my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  65. Hi my family member! I wish to say that this article is amazing, great written and come with approximately all
    important infos. I would like to look more posts like this .

  66. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my
    own blog and was curious what all is required to get set up?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very web smart so I’m not 100% positive.
    Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated.

    Many thanks

  67. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research on this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such excellent info being shared freely out there.

  68. I must show some appreciation to the writer for rescuing me from this scenario. Right after checking through the the web and finding solutions which were not helpful, I assumed my life was well over. Living without the solutions to the problems you’ve fixed by way of the site is a critical case, and the ones that might have adversely damaged my entire career if I hadn’t encountered your web blog. Your training and kindness in playing with the whole lot was crucial. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not discovered such a point like this. It’s possible to at this time look ahead to my future. Thanks very much for your skilled and sensible guide. I won’t be reluctant to recommend the sites to anybody who should have guidance on this matter.

  69. Good day I am so thrilled I found your website, I really found you by mistake, while
    I was researching on Aol for something else, Anyways I am here now and
    would just like to say thanks a lot for a incredible post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also love the
    theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the minute but I have
    bookmarked it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a great deal
    more, Please do keep up the great job.

  70. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is
    a very well written article. I will make sure to bookmark it
    and come back to read more of your useful info. Thanks for
    the post. I will certainly return.

  71. Good – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related information ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, web site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task.

  72. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays..

  73. I think this internet site contains some really good information for everyone :D . «Anybody who watches three games of football in a row should be declared brain dead.» by Erma Bombeck.

  74. I am very happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that is at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

Оставить коментарий