Ошибочные взгляды в вопросах павловского учения

Павлов из сознательного материалиста был превращен в сторонника интуитивного чутья, эклектика. Академик Александров показал, что подобные ненаучные взгляды нельзя назвать материалистическими. Такие взгляды ведут в болото субъективно-идеалистической интуитивистской философии Бергсона. Это делалось академиком Орбели для того, чтобы оправдать, обосновать свою собственную нематериалистическую, кантианскую позицию. Отступления от материалистической философии в свою очередь пагубно сказались и на работах в области физиологии. Так сомкнулся отход от материалистических философских позиций Павлова с отходом от его позиций активного строителя передовой советской физиологической и медицинской науки.

Сессия констатировала, что «академик Орбели и небольшая группа его приверженцев изолировали себя от основной массы советских физиологов, которые стоят на правильном павловском пути».

На сессии были подвергнуты критике и другие ошибочные взгляды в вопросах павловского учения, в частности концепция академика А. Д. Сперанского, которая, как известно, была предметом оживленной дискуссии в течение нескольких месяцев.

В докладе академика К. М. Быкова и ряде выступлений была отмечена огромная заслуга академика А. Д. Сперанского в том, что он установил ведущую роль нервной системы в патогенезе многих заболеваний. Однако попытка Сперанского создать общую теорию патологии ему не удалась.

В своих прежних высказываниях А. Д. Сперанский переоценил роль допавловского периода в физиологии и умалил значение Павлова, в частности не понял роли и значения в патологии коры головного мозга. Он не только не понял нового, высшего (синтетического) этапа в физиологии, вытекавшего из учения И. П. Павлова, но, как это было выявлено на сессии, прямо или косвенно отрицал этот этап.

Недостаток концепции академика А. Д. Сперанского состоит также в неправильном понимании соотношения между физиологией и медициной. В то время как по Павлову физиологический синтез совпадает с медициной, по Сперанскому — между физиологией и патологией существует высокая стена.





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