«Ответ физиолога психологам»

И казалось, что это — недаром, что здесь — действительно критический момент естествознания, так как мозг, который в высшей его формации — человеческого мозга — создавал и создает естествознание, сам становится объектом этого естествознания».

Своими исследованиями И. П. Павлов нанес сокрушительный удар по идеализму. Уже в самом начале изучения высшей нервной деятельности животных и человека он установил, что «высший отдел (центральной нервной системы. — П. Г.) держит в своем ведении все явления, происходящие в теле». Этим самым он положил начало новому направлению в физиологии — о взаимоотношениях коры головного мозга и внутренних органов, — направлению, которое сейчас успешно развивается К. М. Быковым и другими советскими учеными. Уже тогда на основании фактов, которыми располагал Иван Петрович, он смог нанести удар идеалистическим представлениям об отсутствии единства между различными функциями организма. В своей статье «Ответ физиолога психологам» Иван Петрович писал: «считаю более чем вероятным существование их (рефлекторных сигнализаций из внутренних органов. — П. Г.) даже для всех тканей, не говоря об отдельных органах. По моему мнению, весь организм со всеми его составными частями может давать себя знать большим полушариям» .

Развивая дело, начатое выдающимися русскими учеными Сеченовым и Боткиным, Иван Петрович со всей полнотой сформулировал идею целостности организма. «Да, я рад,—писал он,—что вместе с Иваном Михайловичем (Сеченовым. — П. Г.) и полком моих дорогих сотрудников мы приобрели для могучей власти физиологического исследования вместо половинчатого весь нераздельно животный организм. И это — целиком наша русская неоспоримая заслуга в мировой науке, в общей человеческой мысли».

Павловское представление об организме как едином целом, признание единства организма с внешней средой наносит сокрушительный удар по локалистическим, грубо механистическим представлениям и прежде всего по теории клеточной патологии Вирхова.

Вирховианство, завладевшее умами некоторых исследователей-клиницистов и практических врачей, нашло выражение в увлечении аналитическим методом исследования, в отходе от живого человека, как сложного целого. Вирховианство сковывало врачебную мысль и приводило к серьезным недостаткам и ошибкам при определении характера заболевания, оно уводило врачей от всестороннего глубокого обследования больных.

В противоположность вирховскому локализму, Боткин и Павлов положили начало новому физиологическому, функциональному направлению в русской клинической медицине. Объективные методы учета состояния высшей нервной деятельности позволили наметить пути для понимания природы таких форм и стадий болезни, которые протекают без анатомических изменений в органах и без резких функциональных изменений.

 

 

119 Comments

  1. 99927 404502This is a outstanding blog, would you be involved in doing an interview about just how you created it? If so e-mail me! 580226

  2. bdsm:

    999024 516501Hey! Excellent stuff, do tell us when you lastly post something like this! 971177

  3. I pay a visit day-to-day a few websites and sites to read articles, however this
    weblog presents feature based content.

  4. Hello! I know this is kinda off topic however ,
    I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or
    maybe guest authoring a blog post or vice-versa? My website covers a lot of the same subjects as yours and I believe we could greatly benefit
    from each other. If you are interested feel free to shoot me an email.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Terrific blog by the way!

  5. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Many thanks, However I am encountering
    issues with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I am unable to subscribe to it.
    Is there anybody else having similar RSS problems?

    Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly respond?
    Thanks!!

  6. I think this is among the most important info for me. And i am glad reading your article.
    But should remark on some general things, The site style is perfect, the articles is
    really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  7. Earl:

    Thanks for the marvelous posting! I certainly enjoyed reading it, you could be a great author.I will be sure to
    bookmark your blog and will often come back down the road.
    I want to encourage that you continue your great posts, have a nice weekend!

  8. Very nice article, exactly what I wanted to find.

  9. Magnificent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your
    stuff previous to and you are just extremely fantastic.
    I really like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you’re stating and the way
    in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and
    you still take care of to keep it sensible. I can not wait to read far more from you.
    This is actually a wonderful site.

  10. Zack:

    An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who has been doing a
    little homework on this. And he in fact bought me lunch due to the fact that I stumbled upon it for him…
    lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanx for spending time to talk about this
    matter here on your web page.

  11. Hello colleagues, how is the whole thing, and what
    you would like to say regarding this paragraph, in my view its
    really remarkable for me.

  12. This text is priceless. How can I find out more?

  13. When I originally commented I clicked the «Notify me when new comments are added» checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get
    three emails with the same comment. Is there any way you
    can remove people from that service? Thank you!

  14. Every weekend i used to visit this site, for the reason that i
    want enjoyment, as this this site conations actually
    nice funny information too.

  15. Wonderful work! This is the type of info that are meant to be shared around
    the net. Disgrace on Google for not positioning this publish upper!
    Come on over and talk over with my website . Thanks =)

  16. Hi, after reading this amazing post i am as well
    cheerful to share my experience here with colleagues.

  17. First of all I would like to say excellent blog! I had a quick question which I’d like to ask
    if you don’t mind. I was interested to know how you center
    yourself and clear your thoughts prior to writing.

    I’ve had a difficult time clearing my mind in getting my ideas out.
    I truly do take pleasure in writing however it
    just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are usually wasted just trying to figure out how to begin. Any recommendations or hints?
    Many thanks!

  18. Taj:

    Keep on writing, great job!

  19. Your style is so unique in comparison to other people I have read stuff from.
    Thank you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity,
    Guess I will just book mark this page.

  20. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a friend who has
    been doing a little homework on this. And he actually ordered me
    dinner due to the fact that I found it for him… lol. So
    let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah,
    thanks for spending the time to discuss this subject here on your website.

  21. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this blog.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s tough to get that
    «perfect balance» between user friendliness and visual appeal.

    I must say you’ve done a excellent job with this. Also, the blog
    loads very quick for me on Safari. Excellent Blog!

  22. I am truly thankful to the owner of this web page who has shared this impressive article at at this time.

  23. My family members always say that I am wasting my time
    here at web, however I know I am getting familiarity everyday by reading thes fastidious articles.

  24. As the admin of this web page is working, no hesitation very shortly
    it will be famous, due to its feature contents.

  25. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who
    had been doing a little homework on this. And he actually ordered me breakfast due to the
    fact that I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this….
    Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending time to discuss this topic here on your site.

  26. Thanks in support of sharing such a good thinking, post is pleasant, thats why i have
    read it completely

  27. My spouse and I absolutely love your blog and
    find the majority of your post’s to be what precisely
    I’m looking for. can you offer guest writers to write
    content for you personally? I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on some
    of the subjects you write with regards to here.

    Again, awesome site!

  28. Jude:

    Thanks for another fantastic article. Where else may just anyone get that type of information in such an ideal manner
    of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I’m at the look for such information.

  29. I am really grateful to the holder of this web site
    who has shared this great article at at this time.

  30. If you would like to take a good deal from
    this post then you have to apply such strategies to your won website.

  31. I constantly emailed this website post page to all my friends, for the reason that if like to read it afterward
    my friends will too.

  32. I could not refrain from commenting. Very well written!

  33. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you create this
    website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?
    Plz respond as I’m looking to create my own blog and would like to find out where u got
    this from. thanks

  34. Hi there, yup this piece of writing is genuinely fastidious and I have learned lot of things from
    it about blogging. thanks.

  35. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is
    an extremely well written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of
    your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.

  36. I’m not sure why but this blog is loading incredibly slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this problem or is it a problem on my end?
    I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

  37. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d definitely donate to
    this outstanding blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for bookmarking
    and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
    I look forward to fresh updates and will talk about this website with my
    Facebook group. Talk soon!

  38. Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really helpful & it helped me
    out much. I’m hoping to give something again and aid others such as you helped me.

  39. This is a good tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere.
    Brief but very precise information… Many thanks for sharing this one.
    A must read article!

  40. Fabulous, what a web site it is! This web site
    presents useful data to us, keep it up.

  41. Hi, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your website in Chrome, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some
    overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, terrific blog!

  42. I savour, lead to I found exactly what I used to
    be looking for. You have ended my 4 day long hunt! God
    Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye

  43. I must thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this website.
    I’m hoping to view the same high-grade content from you later on as well.
    In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get
    my own website now ;)

  44. Hello mates, how is all, and what you would like to say about this article,
    in my view its truly awesome designed for me.

  45. Its not my first time to go to see this web page, i am
    browsing this web page dailly and get pleasant information from here
    every day.

  46. Undeniably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared
    to be on the net the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people consider worries that they just don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and
    defined out the whole thing without having side effect ,
    people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more.
    Thanks

  47. What’s up, just wanted to mention, I loved this post.
    It was inspiring. Keep on posting!

  48. Hello it’s me, I am also visiting this web site daily,
    this web page is in fact good and the users are in fact sharing pleasant thoughts.

  49. What i don’t realize is actually how you’re now not actually a lot more smartly-liked than you may be right now.
    You’re so intelligent. You know thus considerably relating to this topic, made
    me in my view consider it from so many numerous angles.
    Its like men and women are not interested unless it is something to
    accomplish with Woman gaga! Your personal stuffs excellent.
    All the time deal with it up!

  50. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my website thus i came
    to “return the favor”.I am trying to find
    things to enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  51. What’s up friends, how is the whole thing, and what you want to say about this post, in my view its truly amazing designed
    for me.

  52. Ahaa, its pleasant dialogue about this paragraph at this place at
    this weblog, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting here.

  53. We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.

    Your web site provided us with valuable info to work on. You’ve performed a formidable task and our entire group can be grateful to you.

  54. Fae:

    Wow that was odd. I just wrote an extremely long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Regardless, just wanted to say
    excellent blog!

  55. It’s in reality a nice and helpful piece of information. I am
    glad that you just shared this helpful information with us.
    Please stay us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  56. I just want to tell you that I am beginner to blogs and truly enjoyed your page. Probably I’m planning to bookmark your site . You definitely have amazing articles. Bless you for sharing with us your website page.

  57. I know this web site offers quality based articles or reviews and other information, is there any
    other site which provides such information in quality?

  58. Every weekend i used to pay a quick visit this site, as i want enjoyment, as this this website conations truly fastidious funny stuff too.

  59. Your mode of describing all in this paragraph is actually fastidious, all
    be able to effortlessly be aware of it, Thanks a lot.

  60. Remarkable! Its genuinely remarkable article, I have got much clear idea about
    from this post.

  61. Article writing is also a fun, if you be acquainted with afterward you can write or else it is difficult to write.

  62. I’m curious to find out what blog platform you are utilizing?
    I’m experiencing some minor security problems with
    my latest website and I’d like to find something more safe.
    Do you have any solutions?

  63. I think this is one of the most vital info for me. And i
    am glad reading your article. But want to remark on some general things, The web site style is perfect,
    the articles is really nice : D. Good job, cheers

  64. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s really informative.
    I am going to watch out for brussels. I’ll appreciate
    if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  65. Good blog you’ve got here.. It’s difficult to find excellent writing like yours these days.
    I really appreciate people like you! Take care!!

  66. I’m not sure where you’re getting your information, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful info I was looking for this information for my mission.

  67. Aw, this was a very nice post. Taking a few minutes and actual effort to produce
    a really good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a whole lot and don’t
    seem to get anything done.

  68. You are so awesome! I don’t believe I’ve read through anything like that before.
    So great to find someone with a few original thoughts on this topic.

    Seriously.. thank you for starting this up. This web site is one thing
    that’s needed on the internet, someone with a little originality!

  69. I have been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this site. Thanks , I’ll try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your site?

  70. Rod:

    When I initially commented I clicked the «Notify me when new comments are added» checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Thanks a lot!

  71. Hello! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be ok.
    I’m absolutely enjoying your blog and look forward to new posts.

  72. Whats up this is kind of of off topic but I was wondering if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding skills so I wanted to get guidance from someone with experience. Any help would be enormously appreciated!

  73. Hi there very cool blog!! Guy .. Excellent .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your website and take the feeds also…I am satisfied to seek out numerous useful info right here in the post, we need develop extra strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing.

  74. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good. I do not know who you are but definitely you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already ;) Cheers!

  75. Sweet blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News.

    Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve
    been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!
    Thanks

  76. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  77. Generally I do not learn post on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very compelled me to try and do so! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thanks, very nice post.

  78. Appreciate this post. Will try it out.

  79. It’s going to be finish of mine day, but before end I am
    reading this impressive piece of writing to increase my knowledge.

  80. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.

    Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! However, how can we communicate?

  81. I truly appreciate this post. I¡¦ve been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thanks again

  82. Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed! Extremely useful info particularly the last part :) I care for such information much. I was looking for this certain info for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  83. I actually wanted to jot down a remark so as to thank you for these marvelous ways you are giving at this website. My particularly long internet investigation has at the end been rewarded with good strategies to write about with my guests. I ‘d believe that we site visitors are very much blessed to live in a superb place with many awesome professionals with insightful advice. I feel pretty lucky to have seen your entire site and look forward to tons of more fabulous minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once more for everything.

  84. I just could not leave your website prior to suggesting that I really enjoyed the usual information an individual provide to your guests? Is going to be back often in order to inspect new posts.

  85. Superb blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m planning to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost
    on everything. Would you suggest starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m completely confused ..
    Any recommendations? Thanks!

  86. I used to be suggested this web site by means of my cousin. I am no longer positive
    whether or not this publish is written by way of him as no one else recognise such specified approximately my trouble.
    You’re amazing! Thank you!

  87. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be really something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  88. Today, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found a sea shell and
    gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She put the shell to her ear and screamed.
    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to tell someone!

  89. I will immediately take hold of your rss as I can not to find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly permit me recognize so that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

  90. Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is fantastic, let alone the content!

  91. I am very happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  92. Merely wanna input that you have a very nice web site , I the layout it really stands out.

  93. hey there and thank you for your information – I have definitely picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise some technical points using this site, since I experienced to reload the site lots of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK? Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for a lot more of your respective interesting content. Make sure you update this again soon..

  94. I dugg some of you post as I cerebrated they were extremely helpful very helpful

  95. Howdy would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m planning to start my own blog in the near
    future but I’m having a tough time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most
    blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
    P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  96. I have been surfing on-line more than 3 hours as of late, but I never found any fascinating article like
    yours. It’s beautiful value enough for me. Personally, if all
    web owners and bloggers made good content as you probably did, the net shall
    be much more useful than ever before.

  97. Well I really enjoyed reading it. This tip procured by you is very constructive for proper planning.

  98. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your website provided us with valuable information to work on. You have done an impressive job and our entire community will be grateful to you.

  99. Just wanna tell that this is invaluable , Thanks for taking your time to write this.

  100. I simply wanted to write a brief note so as to thank you for all the unique ways you are giving out on this website. My time consuming internet search has now been paid with useful content to share with my visitors. I ‘d believe that we site visitors are unquestionably fortunate to dwell in a useful community with many lovely professionals with valuable secrets. I feel quite privileged to have used your entire website page and look forward to really more exciting times reading here. Thanks again for a lot of things.

  101. Hi my friend! I wish to say that this post is awesome, great written and come with almost all significant infos. I’d like to peer more posts like this.

  102. Hello! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems finding one? Thanks a lot!

  103. I’ve recently started a site, the information you offer on this web site has helped me tremendously. Thank you for all of your time & work. «My dear and old country, here we are once again together faced with a heavy trial.» by Charles De Gaulle.

  104. My wife and i got so contented when Ervin managed to round up his survey via the ideas he had out of the weblog. It’s not at all simplistic to just always be handing out strategies which usually some other people may have been making money from. And we all already know we have the blog owner to thank for that. The most important explanations you have made, the straightforward site navigation, the relationships you help instill – it’s got mostly spectacular, and it’s really facilitating our son and us reason why the subject matter is satisfying, and that is quite pressing. Many thanks for everything!

  105. Since the admin of this website is working, no doubt very
    shortly it will be renowned, due to its feature
    contents.

  106. Hiya, I’m really glad I’ve found this information. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossips and internet and this is really irritating. A good web site with exciting content, that’s what I need. Thank you for keeping this website, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Cant find it.

  107. Useful info. Lucky me I discovered your site unintentionally, and I’m stunned why this accident did not happened in advance! I bookmarked it.

  108. I have been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts on this sort of house . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this web site. Reading this information So i am happy to show that I’ve a very good uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed. I such a lot definitely will make certain to don¡¦t omit this site and provides it a look regularly.

  109. Heya here, just started to be mindful of your wordpress bog through Yahoo and bing, and realized that it is genuinely helpful. I’ll be grateful if you decide to maintain this.

  110. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks and Digital Signage, and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks and Digital Signage. MetroClick, 121 Varick St, #301, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  111. Wonderful website. Lots of useful information here. I am sending it to several friends ans additionally sharing in delicious. And certainly, thank you on your sweat!

  112. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street,3rd Floor,New York, NY 10013,+1 646 205 3214

  113. I’m more than happy to uncover this great site. I wanted to thank you for ones time just for this wonderful read!! I definitely appreciated every little bit of it and I have you book marked to see new things in your website.

  114. I just wish to show you that I am new to wordpress blogging and thoroughly admired your page. Probably I am probably to remember your blog post . You definitely have fabulous article materials. Love it for swapping with us your current internet site write-up

  115. Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your website is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you have on this web site. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched everywhere and simply couldn’t come across. What an ideal web-site.

  116. I have recently started a blog, the info you offer on this web site has helped me tremendously. Thanks for all of your time & work. «It is a great thing to know our vices.» by Cicero.

  117. I enjoy you because of every one of your efforts on this web site. Ellie enjoys carrying out investigation and it’s really simple to grasp why. We hear all regarding the dynamic method you produce rewarding guidelines through this blog and invigorate response from some other people on that point so my child is certainly discovering so much. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. You have been carrying out a brilliant job.

  118. I wish to express some thanks to this writer just for bailing me out of this particular difficulty. After checking throughout the internet and finding opinions which are not productive, I believed my entire life was over. Existing without the strategies to the issues you have sorted out as a result of this short article is a critical case, as well as the ones which may have in a negative way affected my career if I had not discovered your blog. Your good skills and kindness in controlling all things was important. I don’t know what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a thing like this. I’m able to at this time look forward to my future. Thanks very much for your expert and amazing guide. I will not hesitate to suggest your web blog to any individual who should have care on this issue.

Оставить коментарий