Русские кругосветные экспедиции

Огромный вклад в дело изучения северо-западного побережья Америки внесли также многочисленные русские кругосветные экспедиции. Подробные записки о флоре, фауне и населении Русской Америки составили такие знаменитые русские мореплаватели, как Ю. Ф. Лисянский, В. М. Головнин, О. Е. Коцебу, Ф. П. Литке.

Не менее важное значение имели труды крупнейших русских исследователей Алеутских островов, Аляски и Калифорнии — Ивана Вениаминова, Кирилла Хлебникова, Дмитрия Завалишина и великолепные атласы карт северо-западного побережья Америки, составленные Александром Кашеваровым и Михаилом Тебеньковым.

Можно было бы назвать еще десятки имен русских путешественников и исследователей, которые, не щадя своей жизни во славу России, претерпевая голод, лютую стужу и другие лишения, открывали реки и озера, горные кряжи и долины в далекой Русской Америке.

Заслуги наших людей в деле открытия и исследования гигантских пространств Нового Света свидетельствуют о беспримерной отваге, выносливости и пытливости великого русского народа.

В январе 1821 года американский конгресс сознательно запугивал общественное мнение страны мнимой военной угрозой со стороны русских, чтобы скрыть свои агрессивные намерения по отношению к территории русских владений в Америке. Специальный комитет конгресса обвинил свое правительство в отсутствии энергии, смелости и расторопности в деле открытий и исследований на северо- западе Америки и умышленно приписывал все заслуги по открытию тех мест англичанам и испанцам, рассматривая США, как законного преемника их прав. В своем докладе комитет писал: «Россия не щадит ни трудов, ни иждивения, словом ничего, для порабощения четырех частей света.

 

 

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