Большое количество отбросов производства

Привлекает внимание большое количество отбросов производства: осколков камня, небольших (3—4 см) треугольных в поперечном сечении сколов, удлиненных пластинчатых отщепов, сильно сработанных нуклеусов. Видимо, в пещере производилась обработка камня.

Из этого слоя извлекли около двух тысяч фрагментов раздробленных костей животных. Многие из них были настолько мелкими, что едва поддавались определению. Тем не менее удалось установить 12 видов плейстоценовых млекопитающих. Судя по остаткам фауны, обитатели Денисовой пещеры в эпоху палеолита охотились на лошадей, шерстистых носорогов, бизонов, горных козлов, пещерных медведей, лисиц. При раскопках найдены и кости пещерной гиены.

Таким образом, пещера Денисовая благодаря своему удобному расположению служила местом обитания для многих поколений людей. В заполнявших ее слоях отразилась тысячелетняя история долины Ануя: от древнего палеолита до средних веков.

По топографии расположения, характеру отложений, составу фауны, набору каменного инвентаря (имеются в виду нижние слои плейстоцена) пещеры Усть-Канская, Страшная, Денисовая удивительно сходны. Все они располагаются в предгорных долинах на высоте примерно 600 м над уровнем моря. Их первоначальное заселение человеком произошло в сходных палеогеографических условиях. В то время, как свидетельствуют данные палинологических анализов, существовали открытые пространства южного центрально-азиатского варианта, когда среди разнотравно-полынных степей росли небольшие березово-пихтово- еловые леса. По-видимому, не случайно среди остатков фауны, собранных в плейстоценовых отложениях пещер, преобладают кости лошадей. Это степное животное было главным объектом охоты первых обитателей алтайских пещер.

 

 

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