Что ели в средние века?

ЧЕМ питались люди в средневековой Европе? Считалось, что в то время рацион был беден белком и основную его часть составляли углеводы, источником которых служил главным образом хлеб. Однако результаты раскопок в Дорстаде (Нидерланды) явно противоречат такому представлению.

В 800 г. н.э. население Дорстада достигало 10 тыс. человек — это был один из крупнейших городов Европы. Удачно расположенный в месте слияния Рейна и Лека, Дорстад был одним из важнейших центров торговли. Через него шел поток товаров из Британии и Скандинавии к прирейнским землям.

В.  Прюммель из Голландского государственного института археологии провел анализ органических остатков, обнаруженных при раскопках, и показал, что пища жителей Дорстада была богата белком, причем примерно 30% белка животного происхождения. Среднее хозяйство, как правило, имело 10 коров, 10 овец, 10 свиней, 20 кур и I гуся. Скорее всего, в рацион горожан входили также различные импортные продукты, ведь Дорстад вел обширную торговлю. Судя по остаткам костей, домашние животные в Дорстаде были крупные, хорошо ухоженные.

В своей статье, опубликованной в журнале “Science”, Р. Ноджс из Шеффилдского университета (Великобритания) пишет, что находки в Дорстаде, а также в Саутгемптоне и некоторых других местах заставляют пересмотреть принятые представления о составе пищи европейцев в раннее средневековье.

 

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